Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Type 2 Diabetes

Having type 2 diabetes means your body is unable to process insulin properly. Your blood sugar levels will rise, which can lead to significant health issues in the long run. Type 2 diabetes has no cure. However, therapies exist to help you control the disease and avoid its complications.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes has a wide range of symptoms, varying from person to person. In many cases, the following signs and symptoms appear:

  • Frequent urination
  • Loss or gain in weight
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Increased thirst
  • Slow-to-heal wounds
  • Blurred sight

The sooner you see a doctor about these symptoms, the better off you will be. As a result, they will be able to diagnose you and give you the appropriate care.

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How is Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed?

In most cases, a combination of symptoms, medical history, and blood testing is used to identify people with type 2 diabetes.
Diagnosing type 2 diabetes involves one of three types of blood testing.

1. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG): The fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test is the first. Before taking this exam, you must be at least eight hours into a fast. Diabetes is diagnosed when a person’s fasting blood sugar is 126 mg/dL or above.

2. Oral Glucose Tolerance: Oral glucose tolerance testing is the next step. After a minimum of 8 hours of fasting and a sugary beverage, this test is administered. At least a 2-hour blood sugar spike of 200 mg/dL or higher confirms diabetes mellitus.

3. Haemoglobin A1c: The hemoglobin A1c test is the final one. Over the past three months, this test measures your average blood sugar level. Diabetes is diagnosed when the A1c result is 6.5 percent or higher.

Any of these tests, if they reveal evidence of diabetes, will almost certainly lead to a diagnosis of type 2. It is critical to begin treatment for type 2 diabetes as soon as possible if you have been diagnosed. A healthy diet and frequent exercise are often recommended as part of treatment. It may also be essential to take medication to keep blood sugar levels under control.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes?

A wide range of factors can cause type 2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese is a principal reason. This is since obesity can create insulin resistance, which is when the body cannot respond to insulin adequately. Some medical issues, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), can further increase the risk of diabetes, including prediabetes.

Several health concerns can arise from type diabetes, a dangerous condition. It’s critical to keep in mind, though, that diabetes can be controlled and a healthy lifestyle maintained. Work with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that works best for you with type diabetes.

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Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes has a wide range of treatment options. It would help if you cooperated with your doctor to get the best treatment for you.

1. Nutritious Diet: Weight loss, consuming a nutritious diet, and regular exercise are some of the most prevalent therapy options. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with medication, such as metformin.

2. Monitor Blood Sugar: People with type 2 diabetes must monitor their blood sugar levels closely and see their doctor regularly. You can expect to live a long and healthy life if you receive the correct treatment.

3. Exercise: Type 2 diabetes can be effectively treated with lifestyle modifications such as a nutritious diet and regular exercise. You may also need to take medication to control your blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes treatment may necessitate surgery in some circumstances.

Make an appointment with your doctor to determine the best treatment for your type 2 diabetes. If you suffer from this illness, you must choose a treatment strategy that works best for you.

Who is at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?

You may have a greater probability of acquiring type 2 diabetes if you have several risk factors. Some examples of these are:

  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Having a genetic propensity to the disease
  • Identifying as a member of a specific ethnic group
  • Being afflicted with certain health issues (such as polycystic ovary syndrome or prediabetes)

Type 2 diabetes can be delayed or prevented if you have any risk factors. Consult your doctor if you have any of these risk factors.

How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

To avoid developing type 2 diabetes, you may do a few things. Keep your weight in check before anything else. A good diet and regular exercise can help you achieve this goal.

  • Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels and reducing your chance of acquiring diabetes will be aided by this practice. People with diabetes must keep an eye on their sugar levels and take action to keep them under control.
  • Consume a balanced diet. Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains helps lower your risk of diabetes and keep your blood sugar levels balanced.
  • Make it a point to stay active regularly. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by regular physical activity that improves insulin sensitivity.

Finally, if diabetes runs in your family, you should schedule regular checkups with your physician. If you do get sick, this will help you catch it early.
Stay on top of your health by paying attention to the advice in this article.

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Complications of Type 2 Diabetes

This illness can be challenging to control, but there are strategies to lower your chance of developing problems.

  • Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, renal disease, and nerve damage.
  • Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased heart disease and stroke risk. Making healthy lifestyle choices, such as exercising regularly, eating a nutritious diet, and quitting smoking, can lower the risk of heart disease.
  • Having type 2 diabetes increases the risk of stroke. Stroke risk can be reduced by reducing blood sugar levels, keeping blood pressure healthy, and exercising regularly.
  • Type 2 diabetes often results in kidney damage. Waste is removed from the blood by the kidneys. Debris can build up in the blood and create significant health issues if damaged. Controlling blood sugar and keeping a healthy blood pressure are two ways to avoid kidney damage.
  • Type 2 diabetes frequently results in nerve damage. The transmission of information between the brain and the body is the responsibility of the nerves. Damage to these nerves can disrupt these impulses, resulting in pain, numbness, and tingling in the hands and feet. Controlling blood sugar levels and leading a healthy lifestyle can help protect nerves from harm.


Type 2 diabetes is unquestionably a severe condition that, if left untreated, can have dire implications. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a condition that can be easily controlled. Many patients with type 2 diabetes can live long and healthy lives if they receive the proper care. Type 2 diabetes is treatable, and there is hope for a bright future if you or someone you care about has been diagnosed.

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