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Gonorrhea: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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What is Gonorrhea?

One of the most dangerous sexually transmitted infections (STDs) is Gonorrhea. Herpes gonorrhea is the bacteria that causes it. It can grow and reproduce quickly in women’s cervixes and fallopian tubes and in men’s urethras, all of which are warm, moist parts of the reproductive tract. Gonorrhea can also develop in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.

For those who do, however, Gonorrhea might cause burning or frequent urination, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Toxic pus discharges from the penis and enlarged and sensitive testicles are signs of Gonorrhea in men. 

Gonorrhea can cause lasting harm to the reproductive system and make it impossible or extremely difficult to conceive if left untreated. Untreated Gonorrhea can cause inflammation of the testicles and prostate gland in men. It is also possible for Gonorrhea to spread to the bloodstream and joints.

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Types of Gonorrhea

There are four types of Gonorrhea: anal, throat, genital, and urethral.

1. Anal Gonorrhea: Anal Gonorrhea is when bacteria infect the anus. Anal sex without using a condom or sharing sex toys with a person who has Gonorrhea is two ways this might occur. Symptoms of anal Gonorrhea include anal itching, pain, and discharge.

2. Throat Gonorrhea: Throat gonorrhea is when bacteria infect the throat. Oral sex without using a condom or sharing sex toys with a person who has Gonorrhea is two ways this might happen. Symptoms of throat gonorrhea include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and swollen lymph nodes.

3. Genital Gonorrhea: Genital Gonorrhea is when bacteria infect the genitals. Having intercourse without a condom or exchanging sex toys with someone with Gonorrhea can lead to Gonorrhea. Symptoms of genital Gonorrhea include burning during urination, vaginal discharge, and penile discharge.

4. Urethral Gonorrhea: Urethral Gonorrhea is when bacteria infect the urethra. Sexual contact with a gonorrhea carrier or sharing sex toys with a gonorrhea carrier can result in transmission. Symptoms of urethral Gonorrhea include burning during urination.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can cause various symptoms, although not everyone infected will experience them. No symptoms may exist at all for some folks.

In both sexes, the most common symptom is a burning sensation in the urethra. The following are some more symptoms that men may experience:

  • Bleeding from the penis in a variety of colours, including white, yellow, or green
  • Gonorrhea in women can also lead to:
  • Swollen or painful vulva 
  • Increased vaginal discharge 
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Bleeding more frequently than average between periods

Inflammation and pain in the joints can result if Gonorrhea spreads there. People with compromised immune systems are more likely to experience this.

Visit a medical professional as soon as you suspect you may be infected with Gonorrhea. When required, they can do tests to see if the patient has an infection and then begin therapy.

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Causes of Gonorrhea

Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the bacteria that cause Gonorrhea. Sexual contact, whether oral, anal, or vaginal, is the most common way gonorrhea germs are spread.

Most people who contract Gonorrhea do so because they have unprotected sex with someone who is already infected. This is why it’s so important to practice safe sex and to get tested regularly if you are sexually active. If you think you may have been exposed to Gonorrhea, it’s essential to get tested immediately and start treatment as soon as possible.

  • Sharing infected needles 
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Sex with a partner affected by Gonorrhea

How is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?

Several different methods can be used to diagnose Gonorrhea. The most common way is to test a sample of discharge from the affected area for the presence of the bacteria that cause the infection.

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through.

1. Physical Examination: A physical exam can help your doctor to look for signs of Gonorrhea. Your doctor may also ask about your symptoms and sexual history.

2. Urine Test: It can check for gonorrhea bacteria in your urine.

3. Swab Test: A swab test involves taking a sample of discharge from your vagina, penis, or anus. This sample will be tested for the presence of gonorrhea bacteria.

How to Treat Gonorrhea

There are a few different methods that can be used to treat Gonorrhea. These include:

1. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are the most common and effective treatment for Gonorrhea. They can be taken orally or injected into the muscle.

2. Oral contraceptives: Oral contraceptives can prevent Gonorrhea in women at risk of contracting the disease.

3. Abstinence: Abstaining from sexual activity is the only sure way to prevent Gonorrhea.

4. Condoms: Using condoms during sexual activity can help to reduce the risk of Gonorrhea.

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Complications of  Gonorrhea

Women’s inability to conceive. The spread of Gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory illness in the uterus and fallopian tubes (PID). Scarring of the fallopian tubes, increased risk of pregnancy problems, and infertility are all possible outcomes of PID. PID must be treated right away.

1. Male infertility: It’s possible that Gonorrhea can inflame the little, coiled tube (epididymis) in the testicles where the sperm ducts are located (epididymitis). Infertility can result from untreated epididymitis.

2. Joint Diseases: The disease affects the joints and other parts of the body due to an infection. Your joints can become infected by the gonorrhea bacterium, which can travel through the bloodstream. Joint pain, swelling, and stiffness are all possible side effects, as are fever, rash, and sores on the skin.

3. HIV/AIDS: HIV/AIDS is more likely to occur. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, is more likely to infect someone who has Gonorrhea. Those with both Gonorrhea and HIV are more likely to simultaneously infect their partners with both infections.

4. Baby complications: Sores on the scalp, blindness, and infections can occur in newborns who catch Gonorrhea from their mothers after birth.

How is Gonorrhea Prevented?

Gonorrhea can be prevented in numerous ways, and everyone is responsible for limiting its spread. Preventing Gonorrhea and another STIs is as simple as not engaging in any sexual activity at all. Here are a few things you can do to lower your risk of sexually transmitted infections:

  • Always use condoms when having sex. All three of these are included in this category.
  • Restrict the number of people you have sexual relations with. The bigger your number of sexual partners, the greater your chance of contracting an STI.
  • If you’ve been in a relationship with more than one person, it’s crucial to have frequent STI testing.

You must seek medical attention as soon as you suspect you’ve been exposed to Gonorrhea to get treated. Infections such as Gonorrhea can cause long-term health issues if they are not appropriately treated.

Tap here if you want to read our article on Urinary tract Infections.

Conclusion

You should consult a doctor straight away if you suspect you have Gonorrhea. Health issues can be avoided if they are diagnosed and treated early. Sexual contact with an infected partner can spread Gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection. An increased risk of HIV/AIDS and pelvic inflammatory disease are all possible outcomes of untreated Gonorrhea. It is essential to get medical attention as soon as you notice any of the following symptoms: fever, chills, or a persistent sore throat.

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